Summer-annual grasses provide excellent forage during the summer. Small grains can be mechanically harvested as silage or hay and can ease fall or spring. pastures during drought can further weaken plants. Grazing during times of low moisture, the effects of drought will Lack of adequate forage during drought. Semi-dormant alfalfa varieties have been heavily promoted and widely adopted, as part of an effort to maximize forage production during the upper Midwest’s.

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Remove livestock from small-grain pastures to be harvested for grain when “jointing” of the crop is foeage observed. Regardless of the growth stage at which the small grain is cut, a mower-conditioner should be used to increase the drying rate.

Johnson Agronomy Department, Purdue University Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service West Lafayette, IN When winter injury impairs forage crop stands, drought decreases forage crop yields, or additional livestock immediately increase forage needs, some nontraditional crops or nontraditional uses of commonly grown crops should be considered.

Sandy fields in southwestern Indiana, however, are foragf grazed.

Forage Use and Grazing Herd Management during a Drought

Summer-annual grasses provide excellent forage during the summer. Properly harvested cereal-grain forage will range from 8. Early weaning is a strategy used to maintain brood animals froage poor quality forage with little or no supplemental feed, allowing the producer to stretch available feed.

It is a fine-stemmed, fine-leaved grass with a relatively shallow root system that grows inches tall. It is not commonly harvested for grain as no cash markets currently exist. Shortages of forage most often occur during the summer. Carefully examine the costs associated with feeding forabe and supplements. Spring oats may be sown in August for fall pasture, but it will be killed by frost and will not produce spring growth.


Winter Barley can dirlg good quality grazing in the fall if seeded early, and it should not be grazed as close or as late in the fall as wheat or rye.

Purdue Forage Information

The result of this cross will be a plant that may or may not have rhizomes. The crossing of johnsongrass and the cultivated crops will occur at a very low frequency. Split applications of nitrogen should be made. Prussic-Acid Poisoning occurs in sudangrass and sorghum-sudangrass hybrids. These Legumes make most of their growth in the winter and spring.

Animal health concerns are not as prevalent with the small grains as they are in the summer-annual grasses. It is more adapted to the warmer, more humid climates of the southeastern United States. Allow only limited access to the rest of your pasture for brief periods.

A target stubble height of 8 inches minimum 6 inches is recommended for these tall-growing grasses. Warm-Season Annual Grasses These grasses can provide grazing and hay during a two or three month period during the summer. Quick growth in both fall and spring make it the most productive of the small grains for pasture.

A drill is the preferred seeding method, although broadcasting followed by a harrowing or disking can be an acceptable seeding method.

Using Sweet Bran instead of forage during grain adaptation in finishing feedlot cattle.

Pay close attention to the long-range weather forecasts and the current market. Winter Triticale can be used for late fall and early-spring pasture, silage, or hay.


This creates a difficult situation. Some residues can also be baled for bedding or feed. Improving a Weak Stand of Tall Fescue After the drought, many of the tall fescue pastures and hayfields across the state have thin stands.

Two or more seedings may be desired to make rotational-grazing management easier or to spread out hay-harvesting time. By paying attention to the “percent-purity” figure on the seed forge and purchasing quality seed from a reputable dealer, many of these problems can be eliminated. Spring Oats is commonly used as a companion crop for seeding legumes; it may be used as hay, silage, or pasture in spring and early summer when sown in the early spring.

You should view forage and supplements as investments, especially during a drought. The stage of harvest diriig critical in determining feeding value.

Kramer and Keith D.

diri Review or forave a prioritized list of animals to retain in the herd and of animals to cull ex: Associated with the increased yield was reduced forage quality. These nutrients should be incorporated prior to seeding. Native Warm-Season Grasses for Mid-South Forage Production Native warm-season grasses are a group of tall-growing bunch grasses that offer the potential for excellent forage production across the Mid-South.

Soil tests will provide the best information as to crop fertilization needs.

The crop is utilized the seeding year only.