FM 3-22.65 PDF

FM (FM ). BROWNING MACHINE GUN,. CALIBER HB, M2. MARCH HEADQUARTERS. DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY. DISTRIBUTION. M Cal FM study guide by pythonregius24 includes 14 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help. Start studying M CAL FM Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

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When this is the case, they are assigned a cover fire zone or sector. In other units the assistant gunner is the senior gun team member who also serves as the gun team leader. These changes may be given orally or with arm-and-hand signals.

Classes of fire with respect to the ground.

Gun crews and leaders must be aware of this safety limit. Line of Sight A When two or more gunners are engaging linear targets, linear targets with depth, or deep targets, they do not engage these targets as they would when visibility is good. Responsible for all training fmm employment of the machine guns.

Machine gunners normally engage targets at the rapid rate to suppress the enemy quickly. Sector of Fire A To distribute fire properly, gunners must know where to aim, how to adjust their fire, and the direction to manipulate the gun.

Flanking fire is delivered directly against the flank of the target. Machine guns are sited to protect the front, 3-22.665, and rear of occupied portions of the defensive position, and to be mutually supporting.

A mounted platoon might have access to enough machine gun ammunition to support the guns throughout any operation.

For use against enemy personnel and light material targets. Normally, the gunner uses the sustained rate of fire. In the defense, MK 19 and M2 machine guns may be fired from the vehicle mount or dismounted from the vehicle and mounted on a tripod at a defensive fighting position designed for the weapon system. Fires with respect to the ground include grazing and plunging fire. Secondary Sector of Fire A As the range to the target increases, the beaten zone becomes shorter and wider.


Example weapons squad duty positions and responsibilities. All leaders and gunners must know terrain features and the terminology used to describe them see FM It then becomes enfilade fire as the beaten zone will coincide with the long axis of the target Figures A-9 and A Once the SBF line is masked by the assault element, fires are shifted and or lifted to prevent enemy withdrawal or reinforcement. Fixed fire is delivered against a stationary point target when the depth tm width of the beaten zone will cover the target with little or no manipulation needed.

Base Stake Technique A Frontal fire and flanking fire. He chooses positions that offer obstructed fire 3-226.5 any potential enemy locations. The machine guns are assigned a zone or a sector to cover and they move with the maneuver element.

This point marks the line of safety. The gunner ensures throughout his firing that the center of the beaten zone is maintained at the center base of the target for maximum effect from each burst of fire. Normally the newest member of the gun team. Generally used for adjustments after observation, incendiary effects, and signaling.

Therefore, each gunner observes his tracers and covers what he believes to be the entire target. Oblique fire and enfilade fire. On ground that slopes away from the gun, the beaten zone becomes longer but remains the same width.

Gunners can use overhead fire when there is sufficient low ground between the machine 3-2.65 and the target area for the maneuver of friendly ffm.

FM 3-22.65

Even then, fire 3-22.65 only extend to a range at which the tracers or strike of the bullets can be seen by the gunner. M tracer ammunition can be fired with the M, but accuracy is degraded. Traversing disperses fires in width by successive changes in direction, but not elevation. When only one gunner is required 3-22.5 engage a target and the leader has alerted two or more, the gunner not firing aims on the target and follows the movements of the target.


The platoon leader sites the rifle squad to protect the machine guns against the assault of a dismounted enemy formation.

The need to effectively engage targets must be balanced with the need to keep the guns safe before deciding to employ tracers. Machine guns provide tm and interlocking fires with adjacent units and cover tactical and protective obstacles with traversing or searching fires. A sector of fire is an area to be covered by fire that is assigned to an individual, a weapon, or a unit.

Machine Guns in the Offense A The rates 3–22.65 fire for each machine gun are shown in Table A The HE round is effective against unarmored vehicles and personnel. The MK 19 supports the Soldier in both the offense and defense. Additional considerations for automatic riflemen using assault fire include—.

FM – Appendix A – Machine Gun Employment « Infantry Drills

Cone of fire and beaten zone. A machine gun on a tripod is capable of delivering this type of fire because of the small and uniform dispersion vm the cone of fire. When engaging other predetermined targets, the sustained rate of fire is also used unless a different rate is ordered. Leaders position machine guns to— — Concentrate fires where they want to kill the enemy. The machine gunners target key enemy weapons until the assault element masks their fires.