basic knowledge of conductometry titrations and its principle, instrumentation, & advantages and disdavantages of these titrations. Conductometry DR. . 3Principle The main principle involved in this method is that the movement of the ions creates the electrical. Conductometry-. Introduction. Ohm’s law. Conductometric measurements. Factor affecting conductivity. Application of conductometry. tometric titration.

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Vorlander first proposed the non-aqueous titration method that is titration of aniline with the HCl in non-aqueous solvent, that is, benzene.

In this method, the decrease in the hydrogen ions concentration shows the decrease in the conductivity at the end point. The titration prknciple can be used to graphically determine the equivalence point. The conductometric apparatus is composed of the following.

That is the increase in the size of the ions increases the conductivity. This method is mainly used for the determination of the physico-chemical conductomwtry of the compounds. Labels Conductometry free pharmacy study material pharmaceutical analysis pharmaceutical analysis lecture notes.

However, electrical conductance measurements can also be used as a tool to locate the end point, e. Appropriate for the dilute solutions.

2. Conductometry – Pharmaceutical Analysis [Book]

Unknown 17 November at The weak acid such as acetic acid is titrated with the strong base such as sodium hydroxide. These conductivity cells are made up of conductkmetry. The reaction mechanism was first proposed by Peter Griessin. Conductive measurements began as early as the 18th century, when Andreas Baumgartner noticed that salt and mineral waters from Bad Gastein in Austria conducted electricity.


This process was first discovered in and was applied to the synthetic dye industry. The conductance is decreased with the increase in the concentration.

The concentration of the solution is inversely proportional to the conductivity of the sample solution. The titration of weak acids in conductomstry methanol by using tetra methyl ammonium hydroxide.

Conductometry – Wikipedia

Concentration of the sample solution: These are commonly employed by conductmetry in the analyte solution. Conductometry is a measurement of electrolytic conductivity to monitor a progress of chemical reaction. Then plot the graph between the conductivity and the volume of the titrant which shows the plateau. When compared to the acid—base titrations, precipitate titrations are not that much accurate because of the more number of principlr interferences.

The initial conductivity of the HCl solution is high because of the protons from the dissociation of the acid.


First is the formation of the metal ion and the second one is the formation of the complex. Nehmat Sandhu 10 November at This minimum can be used, instead of an indicator dye, to determine the endpoint of the titration.

  ASTM D1777 PDF

The movement of the ions is mainly depended on the concentration of the ions. The number of ions present in the solution is directly proportional to the conductance. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Weak acid with weak base: The value is 0. After the equivalence point, the addition of the excess of the titrant shows the stability in the conductivity. In this method, the primary aromatic amine is reacted with the sodium nitrite in acidic medium to form a diazonium salt.

Number ions present in the sample solution: Because the high concentrations are not measured by the conductometric titrations.

The hydrogen ions show sharp decrease in the conductivity.

In other words, it is defined as the reciprocal of the resistance. Scallan, The determination pirnciple strong and weak acidic groups in sulfite pulps, Svensk Paperstidn.

Pharmaceutical Analysis by P. D. Chaithanya Sudha

Marked increases or decrease in conductance are associated with the changing concentrations of the two most highly conducting ions—the hydrogen and hydroxyl ions. Look up conductometry in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. This type cell is mainly used for the measurement of the low conductance.